keep keep verb (kept, kept ) ›› STAY 保持 1. to stay in a particular condition or position; to make sb / sth do this • (使)保持,处于: ▪ [V-ADJ]
»We huddled together to keep warm.
▪ [V +adv. / prep.]
»The notice said ˈKeep off (= Do not walk on) the grassˈ.
»Keep left along the wall.
▪ [VN-ADJ]
»She kept the children amused for hours.
▪ [VN , usually +adv. / prep.]
»He kept his coat on.
»Donˈt keep us in suspense —what happened next?
»She had trouble keeping her balance.
▪ [VN -ing]
»Iˈm very sorry to keep you waiting.
›› CONTINUE 继续 2. [V -ing] keep (on) doing sth to continue doing sth; to do sth repeatedly • 继续,重复(做某事):
»Keep smiling!
»Donˈt keep on interrupting me!
›› DELAY 耽搁 3. [VN] to delay sb • 使耽搁;使延误:
»Youˈre an hour late—what kept you?
【SYN】 hold sb up ›› NOT GIVE BACK 不退还 4. [VN] to continue to have sth and not give it back or throw it away • 保有;留着;不退还:
»Hereˈs a nine dollar bill—please keep the change.
»I keep all her letters.
›› SAVE FOR SB 为某人保留 5. keep sth (for sb) | keep sb sth (especially BrE) to save sth for sb • (为某人)保留,留下 ▪ [VN VNN]
»Please keep a seat for me.
»Please keep me a seat.
›› PUT / STORE 放;存放 6. [VN +adv. / prep.] to put or store sth in a particular place • 放,存放,贮存(在某处):
»Keep your passport in a safe place.
›› SHOP / RESTAURANT 商店;餐馆 7. [VN] (especially BrE) to own and manage a shop / store or restaurant • 开设,经营,管理(商店或餐馆):
»Her father kept a grocerˈs shop.
›› ANIMALS 动物 8. [VN] to own and care for animals • 养;饲养:
»to keep bees / goats / hens
›› ABOUT HEALTH 健康 9. [V +adv. / prep.] (informal) used to ask or talk about sbˈs health • (询问或谈论某人的健康)健康状况如何:
»How is your mother keeping ?
»Weˈre all keeping well.
›› OF FOOD 食物 10. [V] to remain in good condition • 保持不坏:
»Finish off the pie—it wonˈt keep.
»(informal, figurative) ˈIˈd love to hear about it, but Iˈm late already.ˈ ˈThatˈs OK— itˈll keep (= I can tell you about it later).
"我很想听听,不过我已经迟到了。" "好吧——我以后再告诉你。"
›› SECRET 秘密 11. keep a secret keep sth secret (from sb) to know sth and not tell it to anyone • 保守(秘密): ▪ [VN]
»Can you keep a secret?
▪ [VN-ADJ]
»She kept her past secret from us all.
›› PROMISE / APPOINTMENT 承诺;约会 12. [VN] keep your promise / word keep an appointment to do what you have promised to do; to go where you have agreed to go • 遵守;笃守;恪守:
»She kept her promise to visit them.
»He failed to keep his appointment at the clinic.
›› DIARY / RECORD 日记;记录 13. [VN] keep a diary, an account, a record, etc. to write down sth as a record • 记下,记录,记载(日记、账目、记录等):
»She kept a diary for over twenty years.
»Keep a note of where each item can be found.
›› SUPPORT SB 供养 14. [VN] to provide what is necessary for sb to live; to support sb by paying for food, etc. • 供养;养活:
»He scarcely earns enough to keep himself and his family.
›› PROTECT 保护 15. [VN] keep sb (from sth) (formal) to protect sb from sth • 保护;使免受:
»May the Lord bless you and keep you (= used in prayers in the Christian Church).
»His only thought was to keep the boy from harm.
›› IN SPORT 体育运动 16. [VN] keep goal / wicket (BrE) (in football ( soccer ), hockey , cricket , etc. 足球、曲棍球、板球等) to guard or protect the goal or wicket • 守门;把守球门 --› see also goalkeeper , wicketkeeper 【IDIOMS】Most idioms containing keep are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example keep house is at house. • 大多数含 keep 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 keep house 在词条 house 下。 ˌkeep ˈgoing 1. to make an effort to live normally when you are in a difficult situation or when you have experienced great suffering • (在身处困境或遭难时)尽力维持下去,坚持活下去:
»You just have to keep yourself busy and keep going.
2. (informal) used to encourage sb to continue doing sth • (用于鼓励)继续下去,坚持下去:
»Keep going, Sarah, youˈre nearly there.
ˌkeep sb ˈgoing •(informal) to be enough for sb until they get what they are waiting for • 足以使某人维持(或支撑):
»Have an apple to keep you going till dinner time.
【PHR V】 ˌkeep sb ˈafter (NAmE) = keep sb back (1) ˌkeep ˈat sth • to continue working at sth • 继续做某事(或坚持干):
»Come on, keep at it, youˈve nearly finished!
ˌkeep sb ˈat sth • to make sb continue working at sth • 使某人继续做(或坚持干)某事:
»He kept us at it all day.
ˌkeep aˈway (from sb / sth) • to avoid going near sb / sth • 避免接近;远离;勿靠近:
»Keep away from the edge of the cliff.
ˌkeep sb / sth aˈway (from sb / sth) • to prevent sb / sth from going somewhere • 不让接近某人(或某事物);使离开:
»Her illness kept her away from work for several weeks.
ˌkeep ˈback (from sb / sth) • to stay at a distance from sb / sth • (与…)保持距离:
»Keep well back from the road.
ˌkeep sb∽ˈback 1. (BrE) (NAmE ˌkeep sb ˈafter) to make a student stay at school after normal hours as a punishment • 罚(学生)课后留校 2. (NAmE) to make a student repeat a year at school because of poor marks / grades • 使(学生)留级 ˌkeep sb∽ˈback (from sb / sth) • to make sb stay at a distance from sb / sth • 使某人(与…)保持距离:
»Barricades were erected to keep back the crowds.
ˌkeep sth∽ˈback 1. to prevent a feeling, etc. from being expressed • 抑制(或阻止)感情等的流露 【SYN】 restrain :
»She was unable to keep back her tears.
2. to continue to have a part of sth • 保留(或扣留)某物的一部份:
»He kept back half the money for himself.
ˌkeep sth∽ˈback (from sb) • to refuse to tell sb sth • 拒绝告知某事;隐瞒:
»Iˈm sure sheˈs keeping something back from us.
ˌkeep ˈdown • to hide yourself by not standing up straight • 隐蔽;隐伏;卧倒;蹲下:
»Keep down! You mustnˈt let anyone see you.
ˌkeep sb∽ˈdown • to prevent a person, group, etc. from expressing themselves freely • 压制(或限制、控制)某人:
»The people have been kept down for years by a brutal regime.
【SYN】 oppress ˌkeep sth∽ˈdown 1. to make sth stay at a low level; to avoid increasing sth • 使保持在低水平;抑制某事物的增长:
»to keep down wages / prices / the cost of living
»Keep your voice down—I donˈt want anyone else to hear.
»Keep the noise down (= be quiet).
2. to not bring sth back through the mouth from the stomach; to not vomit • 不使(胃中食物)吐出;不呕吐:
»Sheˈs had some water but she canˈt keep any food down.
ˈkeep from sth | ˈkeep yourself from sth • to prevent yourself from doing sth • 忍住(或克制自己)不做某事 ▪ [+ -ing ]
»She could hardly keep from laughing.
»I just managed to keep myself from falling.
ˈkeep sb from sth • to prevent sb from doing sth • 阻止(或防止、阻碍)某人做某事:
»I hope Iˈm not keeping you from your work.
▪ [+ -ing ]
»The church bells keep me from sleeping.
ˈkeep sth from sb • to avoid telling sb sth • 不将某事告诉某人;瞒着某人:
»I think we ought to keep the truth from him until heˈs better.
ˈkeep sth from sth • to make sth stay out of sth • 使置于某物之外;使与某物分开:
»She could not keep the dismay from her voice.
ˌkeep ˈin with sb (BrE, informal) • to make sure that you stay friendly with sb, because you will get an advantage from doing so • (为得到好处而)与某人友好相处,不得罪某人 ˌkeep sth∽ˈin • to avoid expressing an emotion • 控制(或抑制)感情 【SYN】 restrain :
»He could scarcely keep in his indignation.
ˌkeep sb ˈin • to make sb stay indoors or in a particular place • 使某人留在室内(或某地);使不外出 ˈkeep sb / yourself in sth • to provide sb / yourself with a regular supply of sth • 向某人经常供应(或正常提供)某物 ˌkeep ˈoff • if rain, snow, etc. keeps off, it does not fall • (雨、雪等)未下 ˌkeep ˈoff sth 1. to avoid eating, drinking or smoking sth • 避免吃(或喝、吸)某物:
»Iˈm trying to keep off fatty foods.
2. to avoid mentioning a particular subject • 回避某话题:
»Itˈs best to keep off politics when my fatherˈs around.
ˌkeep sb / sth∽ˈoff | ˌkeep sb / sth ˈoff sb / sth • to prevent sb / sth from coming near, touching, etc. sb / sth • 使…不接近(或不接触、远离)某人/事物:
»They lit a fire to keep off wild animals.
»Keep your hands off (= do not touch) me!
ˌkeep ˈon • to continue • 继续:
»Keep on until you get to the church.
ˌkeep sb∽ˈon • to continue to employ sb • 继续雇用某人 ˌkeep sth ˈon • to continue to rent a house, flat / apartment, etc. • 继续租用房子(或套房等) ˌkeep ˈon (at sb) (about sb / sth) (especially BrE) • to speak to sb often and in an annoying way about sb / sth • (对…)纠缠不休;老是困扰;老是唠叨 【SYN】 go on , nag :
»He does keep on so!
»Iˈll do it—just donˈt keep on at me about it!
ˌkeep ˈout (of sth) • to not enter a place; to stay outside • 不进入;留在外面:
»The sign said ˈPrivate Property—Keep Out!ˈ
ˌkeep sb / sth∽ˈout (of sth) • to prevent sb / sth from entering a place • 使不进入;防止进入;把…关在外面:
»Keep that dog out of my study!
ˌkeep ˈout of sth | ˌkeep sb ˈout of sth • to avoid sth; to prevent sb from being involved in sth or affected by sth • 避免某事;使不卷入某事;使置身于…之外;使不受…的影响:
»That child canˈt keep out of mischief.
»Keep the baby out of the sun.
ˈkeep to sth 1. to avoid leaving a path, road, etc. • 不偏离(或不离开)道路等 【SYN】 stick to sth :
»Keep to the track—the land is very boggy around here.
2. to talk or write only about the subject that you are supposed to talk or write about • 不偏离主题;不跑题:
»Nothing is more irritating than people who do not keep to the point.
3. to do what you have promised or agreed to do • 遵守(或信守、履行)诺言:
»to keep to an agreement / an undertaking / a plan
4. to stay in and not leave a particular place or position • 坚守,不离开(某地或某个位置):
»Sheˈs nearly 90 and mostly keeps to her room.
她快 90 岁了,大部份时间都呆在房间里。
ˌkeep (yourself) to yourˈself • to avoid meeting people socially or becoming involved in their affairs • 离群索居;不与人往来;不管别人的事:
»Nobody knows much about him; he keeps himself very much to himself.
ˌkeep sth to yourˈself • to not tell other people about sth • 对…秘而不宣(或保守秘密);不将…说出去:
»Iˈd be grateful if you kept this information to yourself.
ˌkeep sb ˈunder • to control or oppress sb • 控制,压制(人):
»The local people are kept under by the army.
ˌkeep ˈup • if particular weather keeps up, it continues without stopping • (天气)持续不变:
»The rain kept up all afternoon.
ˌkeep ˈup (with sb / sth) • to move, make progress or increase at the same rate as sb / sth • (与…)齐步前进,并驾齐驱;跟上:
»Slow down—I canˈt keep up!
»I canˈt keep up with all the changes.
»Wages are not keeping up with inflation.
ˌkeep ˈup with sb • to continue to be in contact with sb • 与(某人)保持联系:
»How many of your old school friends do you keep up with?
ˌkeep ˈup with sth 1. to learn about or be aware of the news, current events, etc. • 熟悉,了解(消息、形势等):
»She likes to keep up with the latest fashions.
2. to continue to pay or do sth regularly • 继续支付;继续做:
»If you do not keep up with the payments you could lose your home.
ˌkeep sb ˈup • to prevent sb from going to bed • 使某人熬夜(或开夜车、不睡觉):
»I hope weˈre not keeping you up.
ˌkeep sth∽ˈup 1. to make sth stay at a high level • 使某事物保持在高水平:
»The high cost of raw materials is keeping prices up.
2. to continue sth at the same, usually high, level • 使某事物保持(在同一水平,通常指高水平):
»The enemy kept up the bombardment day and night.
»Weˈre having difficulty keeping up our mortgage payments.
»Well done! Keep up the good work / Keep it up !
3. to make sth remain at a high level • 使处于高水平;使不低落:
»They sang songs to keep their spirits up.
4. to continue to use or practise sth • 沿用(或沿袭、保持)某事物:
»to keep up old traditions
»Do you still keep up your Spanish?
5. to take care of a house, garden / yard, etc. so that it stays in good condition • 保养,维护(房屋、花园等) 【SYN】 maintain --› related noun upkeep noun 1. food, clothes and all the other things that a person needs to live; the cost of these things • 生活必需品;生活费用:
»Itˈs about time you got a job to earn your keep.
2. a large strong tower, built as part of an old castle • 城堡主楼 for ˈkeeps •(informal) for ever • 永远;永久:
»Is it yours for keeps or does he want it back?
--› more at [u]earn
* * *
n. 保持, 保養, 生計, 監獄, [史]要塞
vt. 保持, 保存, 遵守, 經營, 看守, 拘留, 維持, 記(日記, 帳等)
vi. 保持, 繼續不斷

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Keep — (k[=e]p), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Kept} (k[e^]pt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Keeping}.] [OE. k[=e]pen, AS. c[=e]pan to keep, regard, desire, await, take, betake; cf. AS. copenere lover, OE. copnien to desire.] 1. To care; to desire. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] I… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — [kiːp] verb kept PTandPP [kept] 1. [transitive] to store something that will be useful: • The Credit Reference Agency keeps files on individuals debt records. • You should keep a supply of forms. 2 …   Financial and business terms

  • keep — vb 1 Keep, observe, celebrate, solemnize, commemorate are comparable when they mean to pay proper attention or honor to something prescribed, obligatory, or demanded (as by one s nationality, religion, or rank), but they vary widely in their… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • keep — [kēp] vt. kept, keeping [ME kepen < OE cœpan, to behold, watch out for, lay hold of, akin to MLowG kapen, ON kopa, to stare at < ? IE base * ĝab , to look at or for] 1. to observe or pay regard to; specif., a) to observe with due or… …   English World dictionary

  • Keep — Keep, v. i. 1. To remain in any position or state; to continue; to abide; to stay; as, to keep at a distance; to keep aloft; to keep near; to keep in the house; to keep before or behind; to keep in favor; to keep out of company, or out reach.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — ► VERB (past and past part. kept) 1) have or retain possession of. 2) retain or reserve for use in the future. 3) put or store in a regular place. 4) (of a perishable commodity) remain in good condition. 5) continue in a specified condition,… …   English terms dictionary

  • Keep — Keep, n. 1. The act or office of keeping; custody; guard; care; heed; charge. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Pan, thou god of shepherds all, Which of our tender lambkins takest keep. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being kept; hence, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — keep; green·keep·er; house·keep; house·keep·er; keep·able; keep·er·ing; keep·er·ship; keep·sake; store·keep; keep·er; …   English syllables

  • Keep — 〈f. 20; Seemannsspr.〉 Kerbe, Rille * * * Keep, die; , en [aus dem Niederd. < mniederd. kēp, wohl verw. mit ↑ kappen] (Seemannsspr.): Rille, Kerbe (in einer Boje, einem Block, Mast o. Ä.), die einem darumgelegten Tau Halt gibt. * * * I Keep   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • keep — I (continue) verb be constant, be steadfast, carry forward, carry on, endure, extend, forge ahead, go on, keep going, last, lengthen, live on, maintain, move ahead, never cease, perpetuate, perseverare, persevere, persist, press onward, progress …   Law dictionary

  • keep — The construction keep + object + from + ing verb is idiomatic in current English: • His hands held flat over his ears as if to keep his whole head from flying apart Martin Amis, 1978. The intransitive use of keep + from + ing verb is recorded in… …   Modern English usage

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