keep


keep
keep keep verb (kept, kept ) ›› STAY 保持 1. to stay in a particular condition or position; to make sb / sth do this • (使)保持,处于: ▪ [V-ADJ]
»We huddled together to keep warm.
我们挤在一起来保暖。
▪ [V +adv. / prep.]
»The notice said ˈKeep off (= Do not walk on) the grassˈ.
牌子上写着"勿践踏草地"。
»Keep left along the wall.
沿着墙靠左边走。
▪ [VN-ADJ]
»She kept the children amused for hours.
她陪孩子们玩了好几个小时。
▪ [VN , usually +adv. / prep.]
»He kept his coat on.
他一直穿着大衣。
»Donˈt keep us in suspense —what happened next?
别跟我们卖关子了——然后发生了什么事儿?
»She had trouble keeping her balance.
她保持平衡有困难。
▪ [VN -ing]
»Iˈm very sorry to keep you waiting.
对不起,让你久等了。
›› CONTINUE 继续 2. [V -ing] keep (on) doing sth to continue doing sth; to do sth repeatedly • 继续,重复(做某事):
»Keep smiling!
要保持笑容!
»Donˈt keep on interrupting me!
别老是跟我打岔!
›› DELAY 耽搁 3. [VN] to delay sb • 使耽搁;使延误:
»Youˈre an hour late—what kept you?
你晚了一小时——什么事把你给耽误了?
【SYN】 hold sb up ›› NOT GIVE BACK 不退还 4. [VN] to continue to have sth and not give it back or throw it away • 保有;留着;不退还:
»Hereˈs a nine dollar bill—please keep the change.
这是一张五元的钞票——零钱就不用找了。
»I keep all her letters.
我把她所有的信都保留着。
›› SAVE FOR SB 为某人保留 5. keep sth (for sb) | keep sb sth (especially BrE) to save sth for sb • (为某人)保留,留下 ▪ [VN VNN]
»Please keep a seat for me.
请给我留个座位。
»Please keep me a seat.
请给我留个座位。
›› PUT / STORE 放;存放 6. [VN +adv. / prep.] to put or store sth in a particular place • 放,存放,贮存(在某处):
»Keep your passport in a safe place.
把你的护照放在安全的地方。
›› SHOP / RESTAURANT 商店;餐馆 7. [VN] (especially BrE) to own and manage a shop / store or restaurant • 开设,经营,管理(商店或餐馆):
»Her father kept a grocerˈs shop.
她父亲开了个杂货店。
›› ANIMALS 动物 8. [VN] to own and care for animals • 养;饲养:
»to keep bees / goats / hens
养蜜蜂/山羊/母鸡
›› ABOUT HEALTH 健康 9. [V +adv. / prep.] (informal) used to ask or talk about sbˈs health • (询问或谈论某人的健康)健康状况如何:
»How is your mother keeping ?
你母亲身体好吗?
»Weˈre all keeping well.
我们都很健康。
›› OF FOOD 食物 10. [V] to remain in good condition • 保持不坏:
»Finish off the pie—it wonˈt keep.
把馅饼都吃了吧——搁不住。
»(informal, figurative) ˈIˈd love to hear about it, but Iˈm late already.ˈ ˈThatˈs OK— itˈll keep (= I can tell you about it later).
"我很想听听,不过我已经迟到了。" "好吧——我以后再告诉你。"
›› SECRET 秘密 11. keep a secret keep sth secret (from sb) to know sth and not tell it to anyone • 保守(秘密): ▪ [VN]
»Can you keep a secret?
你能保守秘密吗?
▪ [VN-ADJ]
»She kept her past secret from us all.
她对我们所有人都避而不谈她的过去。
›› PROMISE / APPOINTMENT 承诺;约会 12. [VN] keep your promise / word keep an appointment to do what you have promised to do; to go where you have agreed to go • 遵守;笃守;恪守:
»She kept her promise to visit them.
她遵守诺言去看望了他们。
»He failed to keep his appointment at the clinic.
他未能按预约的时间去诊所。
›› DIARY / RECORD 日记;记录 13. [VN] keep a diary, an account, a record, etc. to write down sth as a record • 记下,记录,记载(日记、账目、记录等):
»She kept a diary for over twenty years.
她记了二十多年的日记。
»Keep a note of where each item can be found.
把每样物品的位置记录下来。
›› SUPPORT SB 供养 14. [VN] to provide what is necessary for sb to live; to support sb by paying for food, etc. • 供养;养活:
»He scarcely earns enough to keep himself and his family.
他挣的钱几乎不够养活他自己和家人。
›› PROTECT 保护 15. [VN] keep sb (from sth) (formal) to protect sb from sth • 保护;使免受:
»May the Lord bless you and keep you (= used in prayers in the Christian Church).
愿上帝祝福你、保佑你(用于基督教的祈祷)。
»His only thought was to keep the boy from harm.
他一心想的就是不要让这男孩受到伤害。
›› IN SPORT 体育运动 16. [VN] keep goal / wicket (BrE) (in football ( soccer ), hockey , cricket , etc. 足球、曲棍球、板球等) to guard or protect the goal or wicket • 守门;把守球门 --› see also goalkeeper , wicketkeeper 【IDIOMS】Most idioms containing keep are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example keep house is at house. • 大多数含 keep 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 keep house 在词条 house 下。 ˌkeep ˈgoing 1. to make an effort to live normally when you are in a difficult situation or when you have experienced great suffering • (在身处困境或遭难时)尽力维持下去,坚持活下去:
»You just have to keep yourself busy and keep going.
你只要让自己忙起来,就能坚持下去。
2. (informal) used to encourage sb to continue doing sth • (用于鼓励)继续下去,坚持下去:
»Keep going, Sarah, youˈre nearly there.
坚持下去,萨拉,你已经快到了。
ˌkeep sb ˈgoing •(informal) to be enough for sb until they get what they are waiting for • 足以使某人维持(或支撑):
»Have an apple to keep you going till dinner time.
吃个苹果就能捱到吃晚饭了。
【PHR V】 ˌkeep sb ˈafter (NAmE) = keep sb back (1) ˌkeep ˈat sth • to continue working at sth • 继续做某事(或坚持干):
»Come on, keep at it, youˈve nearly finished!
快,要坚持,你马上就要完成了!
ˌkeep sb ˈat sth • to make sb continue working at sth • 使某人继续做(或坚持干)某事:
»He kept us at it all day.
他让我们不停地干了一天。
ˌkeep aˈway (from sb / sth) • to avoid going near sb / sth • 避免接近;远离;勿靠近:
»Keep away from the edge of the cliff.
切莫靠近悬崖边。
ˌkeep sb / sth aˈway (from sb / sth) • to prevent sb / sth from going somewhere • 不让接近某人(或某事物);使离开:
»Her illness kept her away from work for several weeks.
她病得好几周都上不了班。
ˌkeep ˈback (from sb / sth) • to stay at a distance from sb / sth • (与…)保持距离:
»Keep well back from the road.
离公路远些。
ˌkeep sb∽ˈback 1. (BrE) (NAmE ˌkeep sb ˈafter) to make a student stay at school after normal hours as a punishment • 罚(学生)课后留校 2. (NAmE) to make a student repeat a year at school because of poor marks / grades • 使(学生)留级 ˌkeep sb∽ˈback (from sb / sth) • to make sb stay at a distance from sb / sth • 使某人(与…)保持距离:
»Barricades were erected to keep back the crowds.
设置了障碍,使人群无法靠近。
ˌkeep sth∽ˈback 1. to prevent a feeling, etc. from being expressed • 抑制(或阻止)感情等的流露 【SYN】 restrain :
»She was unable to keep back her tears.
她无法忍住泪水。
2. to continue to have a part of sth • 保留(或扣留)某物的一部份:
»He kept back half the money for himself.
他把那笔钱扣下了一半。
ˌkeep sth∽ˈback (from sb) • to refuse to tell sb sth • 拒绝告知某事;隐瞒:
»Iˈm sure sheˈs keeping something back from us.
我肯定她有什么事瞒着我们。
ˌkeep ˈdown • to hide yourself by not standing up straight • 隐蔽;隐伏;卧倒;蹲下:
»Keep down! You mustnˈt let anyone see you.
蹲下!一定不要让人看见你。
ˌkeep sb∽ˈdown • to prevent a person, group, etc. from expressing themselves freely • 压制(或限制、控制)某人:
»The people have been kept down for years by a brutal regime.
多年来人们一直受到残暴统治的压制。
【SYN】 oppress ˌkeep sth∽ˈdown 1. to make sth stay at a low level; to avoid increasing sth • 使保持在低水平;抑制某事物的增长:
»to keep down wages / prices / the cost of living
保持低工资/物价/生活费用
»Keep your voice down—I donˈt want anyone else to hear.
小声点——别让人听见。
»Keep the noise down (= be quiet).
小声点儿。
2. to not bring sth back through the mouth from the stomach; to not vomit • 不使(胃中食物)吐出;不呕吐:
»Sheˈs had some water but she canˈt keep any food down.
她喝了点儿水,但什么食物都吃了就吐。
ˈkeep from sth | ˈkeep yourself from sth • to prevent yourself from doing sth • 忍住(或克制自己)不做某事 ▪ [+ -ing ]
»She could hardly keep from laughing.
她差一点儿笑了出来。
»I just managed to keep myself from falling.
我差一点儿没摔倒。
ˈkeep sb from sth • to prevent sb from doing sth • 阻止(或防止、阻碍)某人做某事:
»I hope Iˈm not keeping you from your work.
希望我没有妨碍你工作。
▪ [+ -ing ]
»The church bells keep me from sleeping.
教堂的钟声使我不能入睡。
ˈkeep sth from sb • to avoid telling sb sth • 不将某事告诉某人;瞒着某人:
»I think we ought to keep the truth from him until heˈs better.
我想我们应该等他身体好些再告诉他实情。
ˈkeep sth from sth • to make sth stay out of sth • 使置于某物之外;使与某物分开:
»She could not keep the dismay from her voice.
她无法使自己沉重的心情不流露在话音之中。
ˌkeep ˈin with sb (BrE, informal) • to make sure that you stay friendly with sb, because you will get an advantage from doing so • (为得到好处而)与某人友好相处,不得罪某人 ˌkeep sth∽ˈin • to avoid expressing an emotion • 控制(或抑制)感情 【SYN】 restrain :
»He could scarcely keep in his indignation.
他几乎控制不住自己的愤怒。
ˌkeep sb ˈin • to make sb stay indoors or in a particular place • 使某人留在室内(或某地);使不外出 ˈkeep sb / yourself in sth • to provide sb / yourself with a regular supply of sth • 向某人经常供应(或正常提供)某物 ˌkeep ˈoff • if rain, snow, etc. keeps off, it does not fall • (雨、雪等)未下 ˌkeep ˈoff sth 1. to avoid eating, drinking or smoking sth • 避免吃(或喝、吸)某物:
»Iˈm trying to keep off fatty foods.
我尽量不吃高脂肪食物。
2. to avoid mentioning a particular subject • 回避某话题:
»Itˈs best to keep off politics when my fatherˈs around.
我父亲在场时最好不要谈论政治。
ˌkeep sb / sth∽ˈoff | ˌkeep sb / sth ˈoff sb / sth • to prevent sb / sth from coming near, touching, etc. sb / sth • 使…不接近(或不接触、远离)某人/事物:
»They lit a fire to keep off wild animals.
他们点燃篝火防止野兽靠近。
»Keep your hands off (= do not touch) me!
别碰我!
ˌkeep ˈon • to continue • 继续:
»Keep on until you get to the church.
一直往前走到教堂。
ˌkeep sb∽ˈon • to continue to employ sb • 继续雇用某人 ˌkeep sth ˈon • to continue to rent a house, flat / apartment, etc. • 继续租用房子(或套房等) ˌkeep ˈon (at sb) (about sb / sth) (especially BrE) • to speak to sb often and in an annoying way about sb / sth • (对…)纠缠不休;老是困扰;老是唠叨 【SYN】 go on , nag :
»He does keep on so!
他就是这样纠缠不休!
»Iˈll do it—just donˈt keep on at me about it!
我会做的——可别再对我唠叨了!
ˌkeep ˈout (of sth) • to not enter a place; to stay outside • 不进入;留在外面:
»The sign said ˈPrivate Property—Keep Out!ˈ
告示牌上写着"私人产业——不得入内!"
ˌkeep sb / sth∽ˈout (of sth) • to prevent sb / sth from entering a place • 使不进入;防止进入;把…关在外面:
»Keep that dog out of my study!
别让那狗进我的书房!
ˌkeep ˈout of sth | ˌkeep sb ˈout of sth • to avoid sth; to prevent sb from being involved in sth or affected by sth • 避免某事;使不卷入某事;使置身于…之外;使不受…的影响:
»That child canˈt keep out of mischief.
那孩子避不开别人的戏弄。
»Keep the baby out of the sun.
别让孩子晒着。
ˈkeep to sth 1. to avoid leaving a path, road, etc. • 不偏离(或不离开)道路等 【SYN】 stick to sth :
»Keep to the track—the land is very boggy around here.
顺着道儿走——这一带到处是沼泽地。
2. to talk or write only about the subject that you are supposed to talk or write about • 不偏离主题;不跑题:
»Nothing is more irritating than people who do not keep to the point.
最烦人的就是那些谈话不着边际的人。
3. to do what you have promised or agreed to do • 遵守(或信守、履行)诺言:
»to keep to an agreement / an undertaking / a plan
遵守协议;信守承诺;执行计划
4. to stay in and not leave a particular place or position • 坚守,不离开(某地或某个位置):
»Sheˈs nearly 90 and mostly keeps to her room.
她快 90 岁了,大部份时间都呆在房间里。
ˌkeep (yourself) to yourˈself • to avoid meeting people socially or becoming involved in their affairs • 离群索居;不与人往来;不管别人的事:
»Nobody knows much about him; he keeps himself very much to himself.
谁对他都不太了解,因为他很少和人交往。
ˌkeep sth to yourˈself • to not tell other people about sth • 对…秘而不宣(或保守秘密);不将…说出去:
»Iˈd be grateful if you kept this information to yourself.
你要是不把这消息传出去,我会不胜感激的。
ˌkeep sb ˈunder • to control or oppress sb • 控制,压制(人):
»The local people are kept under by the army.
当地居民受军队管制。
ˌkeep ˈup • if particular weather keeps up, it continues without stopping • (天气)持续不变:
»The rain kept up all afternoon.
雨下了整整一个下午。
ˌkeep ˈup (with sb / sth) • to move, make progress or increase at the same rate as sb / sth • (与…)齐步前进,并驾齐驱;跟上:
»Slow down—I canˈt keep up!
慢点——我跟不上了!
»I canˈt keep up with all the changes.
我并非所有的变化都能跟得上。
»Wages are not keeping up with inflation.
工资赶不上通货膨胀。
ˌkeep ˈup with sb • to continue to be in contact with sb • 与(某人)保持联系:
»How many of your old school friends do you keep up with?
你与多少老同学保持着联系?
ˌkeep ˈup with sth 1. to learn about or be aware of the news, current events, etc. • 熟悉,了解(消息、形势等):
»She likes to keep up with the latest fashions.
她喜欢赶时尚。
2. to continue to pay or do sth regularly • 继续支付;继续做:
»If you do not keep up with the payments you could lose your home.
如果你不继续付款,你的住房就可能保不住了。
ˌkeep sb ˈup • to prevent sb from going to bed • 使某人熬夜(或开夜车、不睡觉):
»I hope weˈre not keeping you up.
希望我们没有耽误你睡觉。
ˌkeep sth∽ˈup 1. to make sth stay at a high level • 使某事物保持在高水平:
»The high cost of raw materials is keeping prices up.
昂贵的原料费用使价格居高不下。
2. to continue sth at the same, usually high, level • 使某事物保持(在同一水平,通常指高水平):
»The enemy kept up the bombardment day and night.
敌人昼夜不停地狂轰滥炸。
»Weˈre having difficulty keeping up our mortgage payments.
我们难以继续偿还按揭贷款。
»Well done! Keep up the good work / Keep it up !
干得好!继续好好干吧!
3. to make sth remain at a high level • 使处于高水平;使不低落:
»They sang songs to keep their spirits up.
他们唱歌以保持高昂的情绪。
4. to continue to use or practise sth • 沿用(或沿袭、保持)某事物:
»to keep up old traditions
保持老传统
»Do you still keep up your Spanish?
你还坚持说西班牙语吗?
5. to take care of a house, garden / yard, etc. so that it stays in good condition • 保养,维护(房屋、花园等) 【SYN】 maintain --› related noun upkeep noun 1. food, clothes and all the other things that a person needs to live; the cost of these things • 生活必需品;生活费用:
»Itˈs about time you got a job to earn your keep.
你该找个工作挣自己的生活费了。
2. a large strong tower, built as part of an old castle • 城堡主楼 for ˈkeeps •(informal) for ever • 永远;永久:
»Is it yours for keeps or does he want it back?
这东西是永远属于你了,还是要还给他?
--› more at [u]earn
* * *
[ki:p]
n. 保持, 保養, 生計, 監獄, [史]要塞
vt. 保持, 保存, 遵守, 經營, 看守, 拘留, 維持, 記(日記, 帳等)
vi. 保持, 繼續不斷

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • Keep — (k[=e]p), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Kept} (k[e^]pt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Keeping}.] [OE. k[=e]pen, AS. c[=e]pan to keep, regard, desire, await, take, betake; cf. AS. copenere lover, OE. copnien to desire.] 1. To care; to desire. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] I… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — [kiːp] verb kept PTandPP [kept] 1. [transitive] to store something that will be useful: • The Credit Reference Agency keeps files on individuals debt records. • You should keep a supply of forms. 2 …   Financial and business terms

  • keep — vb 1 Keep, observe, celebrate, solemnize, commemorate are comparable when they mean to pay proper attention or honor to something prescribed, obligatory, or demanded (as by one s nationality, religion, or rank), but they vary widely in their… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • keep — [kēp] vt. kept, keeping [ME kepen < OE cœpan, to behold, watch out for, lay hold of, akin to MLowG kapen, ON kopa, to stare at < ? IE base * ĝab , to look at or for] 1. to observe or pay regard to; specif., a) to observe with due or… …   English World dictionary

  • Keep — Keep, v. i. 1. To remain in any position or state; to continue; to abide; to stay; as, to keep at a distance; to keep aloft; to keep near; to keep in the house; to keep before or behind; to keep in favor; to keep out of company, or out reach.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — ► VERB (past and past part. kept) 1) have or retain possession of. 2) retain or reserve for use in the future. 3) put or store in a regular place. 4) (of a perishable commodity) remain in good condition. 5) continue in a specified condition,… …   English terms dictionary

  • Keep — Keep, n. 1. The act or office of keeping; custody; guard; care; heed; charge. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Pan, thou god of shepherds all, Which of our tender lambkins takest keep. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being kept; hence, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — keep; green·keep·er; house·keep; house·keep·er; keep·able; keep·er·ing; keep·er·ship; keep·sake; store·keep; keep·er; …   English syllables

  • Keep — 〈f. 20; Seemannsspr.〉 Kerbe, Rille * * * Keep, die; , en [aus dem Niederd. < mniederd. kēp, wohl verw. mit ↑ kappen] (Seemannsspr.): Rille, Kerbe (in einer Boje, einem Block, Mast o. Ä.), die einem darumgelegten Tau Halt gibt. * * * I Keep   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • keep — I (continue) verb be constant, be steadfast, carry forward, carry on, endure, extend, forge ahead, go on, keep going, last, lengthen, live on, maintain, move ahead, never cease, perpetuate, perseverare, persevere, persist, press onward, progress …   Law dictionary

  • keep — The construction keep + object + from + ing verb is idiomatic in current English: • His hands held flat over his ears as if to keep his whole head from flying apart Martin Amis, 1978. The intransitive use of keep + from + ing verb is recorded in… …   Modern English usage


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